Clinical physics and physiological measurement : an official journal of the Hospital Physicists' Association, Deutsche Gesellschaft für Medizinische Physik and the European Federation of Organisations for Medical Physics vol:10 Suppl B pages:7-10
An overview is given of the FEMME-project (Fetal Electrocardiogram Measuring Method and Equipment). The project started in 1981 and is, at the moment, close to producing a prototype personal computer-based system. This records simultaneously a number of cutaneous potential signals and derives from this set one or more maternal electrocardiogram-free fetal heart signals, by combining linearly the recorded signals. An on-line adaptive algorithm based on the Singular Value Decomposition (SVD) has been designed to compute the coefficients in these linear combinations. This algorithm will be implemented on a DSP board that can be plugged into the real-time recording system. The system will be very useful in studies of the fetal electrocardiogram during pregnancy, but also in all other studies such as fetal heart rate variability, fetal movements, etc., where a precise trigger of the electrical signal from the fetal heart is required.