This item still needs to be validated !
Title: Bilirubin-IXalpha and -IXbeta pigments, coproporphyrins and bile acids in meconium and stools from full-term and preterm neonates during the first month of life
Authors: Aziz, S ×
Kotal, P
Leroy, P
Servaes, Roger
Eggermont, Ephrem
Fevery, Johan #
Issue Date: Feb-2001
Series Title: Acta paediatrica (Oslo, Norway : 1992) vol:90 issue:1 pages:81-7
Abstract: Individual bilirubin pigments in the excreta were quantitated by newly developed methods. In meconium, bilirubin-IXbeta predominated, whereas bilirubin-IXgamma and -IXdelta remained undetectable. The daily excretion of bilirubin-IXalpha plus -IXbeta was 0.03-1.00 and 0.04-2.00 micromoles kg(-1) of birthweight in preterm and full-term infants, respectively. The ratio of bilirubin-IXalpha to -IXbeta in meconium was 0.25 +/- 0.34, 0.32 +/- 0.30 and 0.46 +/- 0.55 in newborns of gestational ages below 30, from 31 to 36 and above 36 wk, respectively. The predominance of bilirubin-IXbeta disappeared within the first week in those with gestational age >31 wk but more slowly in the very preterm group. The ratio of monoconjugated to diconjugated bilirubin-IXalpha was 4 to 5 in full-term infants, whereas this ratio was only reached after 1 mo in preterm infants. The ratio of glucuronide or glucoside to xyloside varied widely, independent of gestational age. No correlation between faecal UCB-IXalpha and beta-glucuronidase was observed. The daily coproporphyrin excretion fell from a median of 500 microg on day 1 to below 20 microg from day 7 onwards; this decrease correlated with that of bilirubin-IXbeta. The daily 3alpha-hydroxylated bile acid loss in the excreta was two- to fivefold higher than in the adult; this, together with the higher neonatal serum levels (12-90 nmoles ml(-1)), indicates an immature intestinal reabsorption and an enhanced bile acid synthesis. CONCLUSION: Both zinc coproporphyrin and bilirubin-lXbeta are characteristic compounds of human meconium, diconjugated bilirubin-IXalpha is low or absent in meconium of very preterm infants, and faecal and serum bile acids are high.
ISSN: 0803-5253
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Medicine - miscellaneous
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

Files in This Item:

There are no files associated with this item.

Request a copy


All items in Lirias are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved.

© Web of science