EVI1 is consistently expressed as principal transcript in common and rare recurrent 3q26 rearrangements
Poppe, Bruce × Dastugue, Nicole Vandesompele, Jo Cauwelier, Barbara De Smet, Betty Yigit, Nurten De Paepe, Anne Cervera, Jose Recher, Christian De Mas, Véronique Hagemeijer, Anne Speleman, Frank #
Genes, chromosomes & cancer vol:45 issue:4 pages:349-56
In contrast to the well-documented involvement of EVI1 in various 3q26 aberrations, the transcriptional status of EVI1 in rare recurrent or sporadic 3q26 chromosomal defects has remained largely unexplored. Moreover, in a recent report, the association between 3q26 alterations in myeloid proliferations and ectopic EVI1 expression was questioned. Therefore, we performed a detailed physical mapping of 3q26 breakpoints using a 1.3-Mb tiling path BAC contig covering the EVI1 locus and a carefully designed quantification of both EVI1 and MDS/EVI1 transcripts in 30 hematological malignancies displaying 3q26 aberrations. Cases included well-known rare, recurring chromosomal aberrations such as t(3;17)(q26;q22), t(2;3)(p21-22;q26), and t(3;6)(q26;q25), as well as 10 new sporadic cases. Extensive 3q26 breakpoint mapping allowed unequivocal and sensitive FISH detection of EVI1 rearrangements on both metaphases and interphase nuclei. Real-time quantitative PCR analyses indicated that typically both MDS1/EVI1 and EVI1, but not MDS1, were expressed in these malignancies, with EVI1 the primary transcript. In conclusion, we have demonstrated EVI1 involvement in numerous novel sporadic and recurrent 3q26 rearrangements. Our results underscore the feasibility of FISH as an adjunct to PCR for the identification of EVI1 deranged leukemias and identified EVI1 as the principal transcript expressed in these malignancies.