Title: Effects of aminophylline on respiratory muscle interaction
Authors: Decramer, Marc ×
Deschepper, K
Jiang, T X
Derom, E #
Issue Date: Nov-1991
Series Title: The American review of respiratory disease vol:144 issue:4 pages:797-802
Abstract: We studied the effects of aminophylline on respiratory muscle interaction during quiet breathing by measuring (1) changes in rib cage and abdominal cross-sectional area, (2) tidal volume, (3) abdominal and esophageal pressure, (4) diaphragm and parasternal intercostal electromyogram (EMG) and parasternal intercostal intramuscular pressure, and (5) triangularis sternl and transversus abdominis EMG, in 14 supine anesthetized dogs. Measurements were done before and 5 and 10 min after administration of progressively increasing doses of aminophylline, reaching a total dose of 5, 10, 20, 40, and 80 mg/kg. In 12 of 14 dogs after aminophylline administration, quiet inspiration became biphasic, or if inspiration was already biphasic under control conditions, the first phase was clearly enhanced after aminophylline administration. Biphasic inspiration was defined as an inspiratory pattern in which rib cage and abdominal expansion showed two distinct phases. First, the onset of inspiration was characterized by a sudden increase in rib cage cross-sectional area often associated with a decrease in abdominal dimensions. During this initial part the parasternals and the diaphragm were electrically silent, confirming that it was achieved by relaxation of expiratory muscles. Further inspiration occurred predominantly through expansion of the abdomen. In the first phase, a pressure drop in the parasternal intercostals was present, presumably due to passive shortening of these muscles caused by expiratory muscle relaxation. On the average, 42 +/- 28% of the rib cage expansion was due to expiratory muscle relaxation at a dose of 80 mg/kg versus 17 +/- 21% under control conditions (p less than 0.05).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
ISSN: 0003-0805
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Pneumology
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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