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Title: Interleukin-6 causes myocardial failure and skeletal muscle atrophy in rats
Authors: Janssen, Sofie ×
Gayan-Ramirez, Ghislaine
Van Den Bergh, An
Herijgers, Paul
Maes, Karen
Verbeken, Eric
Decramer, Marc #
Issue Date: Mar-2005
Series Title: Circulation vol:111 issue:8 pages:996-1005
Abstract: BACKGROUND: The impact of interleukin (IL)-6 on skeletal muscle function remains the subject of controversy. METHODS AND RESULTS: The effects of 7-day subcutaneous administration of recombinant human IL-6 were examined at 3 doses, 50, 100, or 250 microg x kg(-1) x d(-1), in rats. Skeletal muscle mass decreased dose-dependently (with increasing dose: in the diaphragm, -10%, P=NS; -15%, P=0.0561; and -15% P<0.05; and in the gastrocnemius, -9%, P=NS; -9%, P=NS; and -18%, P<0.005) because of decreases in cross-sectional area of all fiber types without alterations in diaphragm contractile properties. Cardiovascular variables showed a dose-dependent heart dilatation (for end-diastolic volume: control, 78 microL; moderate dose, 123 microL; and high dose, 137 microL, P<0.001), reduced end-systolic pressure (control, 113 mm Hg; moderate dose, 87 mm Hg; and high dose, 90 mm Hg; P=0.037), and decreased myocardial contractility (for preload recruitable stroke work: control, 79 mm Hg; moderate dose, 67 mm Hg; and high dose, 48 mm Hg; P<0.001). Lung edema was confirmed by an increased wet-to-dry ratio (control, 4.2; moderate dose, 4.6; and high dose, 4.5; P<0.001) and microscopy findings. These cardiovascular alterations led to decreases in organ blood flow, particularly in the diaphragm (control, 0.56 mL x min(-1) x g(-1); moderate dose, 0.21 mL x min(-1) x g(-1); and high dose, 0.23 mL x min(-1) x g(-1); P=0.037). In vitro recombinant human IL-6 administration did not cause any alterations in diaphragm force or endurance capacity. CONCLUSIONS: IL-6 clearly caused ventilatory and peripheral skeletal muscle atrophy, even after short-term administration. Blood flow redistribution, resulting from the myocardial failure induced by IL-6, was likely responsible for this muscle atrophy, because IL-6 did not exert any direct effect on the diaphragm.
URI: 
ISSN: 0009-7322
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Pneumology
Experimental Cardiac Surgery
Translational Cell & Tissue Research
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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