Title: Protease mutation M89I/V is linked to therapy failure in patients infected with the HIV-1 non-B subtypes C, F or G
Authors: Abecasis, Ana Barroso ×
Deforche, Koen
Snoeck, Joke
Bacheler, Lee T
McKenna, Paula
Carvalho, Ana Patrícia
Gomes, Perpétua
Camacho, Ricardo Jorge
Vandamme, Anne-Mieke #
Issue Date: Nov-2005
Publisher: Gower Academic Journals
Series Title: AIDS vol:19 issue:16 pages:1799-1806
Abstract: OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether and how mutations at position 89 of HIV-1 protease were associated with protease inhibitor (PI) failure, and what is the impact of the HIV-1 subtype. METHODS: In a database containing pol nucleotide sequences and treatment history, the correlation between PI experience and mutations at codon 89 was determined separately for subtype B and several non-B subtypes. A Bayesian network model was used to map the resistance pathways in which M89I/V is involved for subtype G. The phenotypic effect of M89I/V for several PIs was also measured. RESULTS: The analysis showed that for the subtypes C, F and G in which the wild-type codon at 89 was M compared to L for subtype B, M89I/V was significantly more frequently observed in PI-treated patients displaying major resistance mutations to PIs than in drug-naive patients. M89I/V was strongly associated with PI resistance mutations at codons 71, 74 and 90. Phenotypically, M89I/V alone did not confer a reduced susceptibility to PIs. However, when combined with L90M, a significantly reduced susceptibility to nelfinavir was observed (P < 0.05) in comparison with strains with L90M alone. CONCLUSIONS: The results of the present study show that M89I/V is associated with PI experience in subtypes C, F and G but not in subtype B. M89I/V should be considered a secondary PI mutation with an important effect on nelfinavir susceptibility in the presence of L90M.
ISSN: 0269-9370
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Laboratory of Clinical and Epidemiological Virology (Rega Institute)
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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