Liver enzyme elevation induced by hyperemesis gravidarum: aetiology, diagnosis and treatment
Conchillo, J M Pijnenborg, J M A Peeters, P Stockbrügger, R W Fevery, Johan Koek, G H #
The Netherlands journal of medicine vol:60 issue:9 pages:374-8
Three primigravidae were admitted during the first trimester of pregnancy with nausea, vomiting, ketonuria and liver enzyme elevation of varying severity. A 29-year-old woman had elevated aminotransferase values, at levels described in the literature (ASAT 112 U/l, ALAT 214 U/l). The second patient, a woman aged 26 years, had undergone in vitro fertilisation and showed higher liver enzyme elevation, including the total bilirubin level (ASAT 250 U/l, ALAT 474 U/l, total bilirubin 59.8 micromol/l). A 30-year-old woman had extremely high aminotransferase values (ASAT 705 U/l, ALAT 1674 U/l) and she is the first reported patient with ALAT values exceeding 1,000 U/l in connection with hyperemesis gravidarum. Gallstone disease, viral and drug-induced hepatitis were excluded in all of these patients. Treatment was symptomatic and the abnormal liver tests returned to normal promptly when the vomiting resolved, independent of the severity of liver enzyme elevation. The pregnancies proceeded normally and all three patients delivered healthy babies.