Effects of ghrelin on hypothalamic glucose responding neurons in rats
Chen, X × Ge, Yin-Lin Jiang, Zheng-Yao Liu, Chang-Qin Depoortere, Inge Peeters, Theo L #
Brain Research vol:1055 issue:1-2 pages:131-6
Ghrelin is an endogenous ligand of the growth hormone secretagogue receptor (GHS-R) with potent stimulatory effects on food intake. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of ghrelin on neuronal activity of hypothalamic glucose responding neurons. Single unit discharges in the lateral hypothalamic area (LHA), the ventromedial hypothalamic nucleus (VMH), and the parvocellular part of the paraventricular nucleus(pPVN) were recorded extracellularly by means of four-barrel glass micropipettes in anesthetized rats. The activity of glucose-sensitive neurons (GSNs) in the LHA, pPVN, and of glucoreceptor neurons (GRNs) in the VMH modulated by administration of ghrelin was analyzed. In the LHA, the majority of GSNs (17/25) increased in frequency due to ghrelin. Whereas the majority of VMH-GRNs (27/33) and pPVN-GSNs (9/13) was inhibited. The responses to ghrelin were abolished by pretreatment of [D-Lys-3]-GHRP-6, ghrelin receptor antagonist. These data indicate that the glucose responding neurons in the LHA, VMH, and pPVN are also involved in the orexigenic actions of ghrelin in the hypothalamic circuits, although AgRP/NPY neurons in the arcuate nucleus (ARC) are the primary targets of ghrelin.