Globally, gastric cancer is one of the most common types of cancer and one of the most frequent causes of cancer-related death. Despite many advances in the diagnosis and treatment of this disease, the prognosis for gastric cancer remains poor, especially in more advanced stages. In metastatic disease, benefits in survival and quality of life have been demonstrated in patients with unresectable or metastatic gastric cancer receiving chemotherapy plus best supportive care versus best supportive care alone. The taxanes, which are among the most promising cytotoxic agents in clinical use, have shown encouraging activity in early-phase studies as single agents and in combination regimens in the treatment of advanced gastric cancer. Recently, interim results of a randomized phase III trial comparing the triplet of docetaxel, cisplatin, and 5-fluorouracil with a standard reference regimen of cisplatin and 5-fluorouracil were reported. Patients treated with the docetaxel-containing regimen had a statistically superior response rate and time to disease progression as well as a clinically significant prolongation of survival. This study underscores the importance of developing new therapeutic options for patients with advanced gastric cancer.