Age is not a limiting factor for radical radiotherapy in pelvic malignancies
Pignon, T × Horiot, J C Bolla, M Van Poppel, Hendrik Bartelink, H Roelofsen, F Pene, F Gerard, A Einhorn, N Nguyen, T D Vanglabbeke, M Scalliet, P #
Radiotherapy and oncology : journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology vol:42 issue:2 pages:107-20
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Pelvic radiotherapy (RT) toxicity in the elderly is poorly documented. We developed a study aiming to evaluate whether or not a limit of age could be identified beyond which toxicities in patients receiving pelvic RT were more frequent or more severe. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 1619 patients with pelvic cancers enrolled in nine EORTC trials, RT arms, were retrospectively studied. Patients were split into six age ranges from 50 years to 70 years and over. Survivals and late toxicity occurrence were calculated with the Kaplan-Meier method and comparison between age groups with the logrank test. A trend test was done to examine if chronological age had an impact on acute toxicity occurrence. RESULTS: Survival was comparable in each age group for prostate (P = 0.18), uterus (0.41), anal canal cancer (P = 0.6) and slightly better for the younger group of rectum cancer (P = 0.04). A total of 1722 acute and 514 late grade > or = 1 were recorded. Acute nausea/ vomiting, skin complications and performance status deterioration were significantly more frequent in younger patients. There was no trend toward more aged patients to experience diarrhea (P = 0.149) and after adjustment on RT dose, acute urinary complications were observed equally in each age range (P = 0.32). Eighty percent of patients were free of late complication at 5 years in each age range (P = 0.79). For the grade > 2 late side-effects, a plateau was observed after 1 year at near 9% without any difference (P = 0.06) nor trend (P = 0.13) between age-groups. CONCLUSION: Age per se is not a limiting factor for radical radiotherapy in pelvic malignancies.