Annals of surgical oncology vol:9 issue:3 pages:292-297
BACKGROUND: We investigated the degree of tumor cell killing after radiotherapy regimens commonly used in clinical practice in comparison with an accelerated schedule. METHODS: Mtln3 mammary adenocarcinoma tumor cells were inoculated subcutaneously in the hind leg of syngeneic Fischer 344 rats. Tumors were irradiated with 5 x 5 Gy in 5 days, 10 x 3 Gy over 10 days, or 5 x (2 x 3) Gy in 5 days. After excision of the irradiated tumors, the dye exclusion, a tetrazolium-based colorimetric and the clonogenic assays were used to determine tumor cell viability and surviving fractions. RESULTS: Estimated potential doubling time values indicate a rapid proliferation capacity, comparable with potential doubling time values in human rectal cancer. The dye exclusion and clonogenic assays revealed a significantly higher degree of cell killing after the hypofractionated and the accelerated regimens of, respectively, 5 x 5 Gy and 5 x (2 x 3) Gy over 5 days compared with 10 x 3 Gy over 10 days. CONCLUSIONS: A shorter treatment time offered the best therapeutic efficacy. The schedule involving two daily fractions of 3 Gy over 5 days should be less toxic than 5 x 5 Gy and may therefore provide a therapeutic advantage.