American Journal of Kidney Diseases vol:40 issue:6 pages:E21
The development of malignancies after solid organ transplantation represents an increasing clinical problem complicating the long-term follow-up of transplant recipients. In this case report the authors describe the rare triple combination of a simultaneous hepatocellular carcinoma with a glucagonoma and a splenic hamartoma in a renal allograft recipient. It is not only the first published report of a glucagonoma occurring after renal transplantation but serves also as an illustration of the therapeutic decision making in the setting of the immune-compromised host. This case report also illustrates the different imaging modalities that can be used for the diagnosis of neuroendocrine tumors.