Cardiovascular Research vol:37 issue:2 pages:515-23
OBJECTIVES: Sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca2+ uptake, myocardial high energy content and histology were examined in different zones of hearts from patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy. METHODS AND RESULTS: Unfractionated homogenates were prepared from left ventricular samples obtained in three zones of each heart: an infarct-remote zone, an outer peri-infarct zone, and an inner peri-infarct zone. Oxalate-supported 45Ca2+ uptake was measured at 37 degrees C using a filtration method. Maximum rate (Vmax) of uptake in absence or in presence of ryanodine was lower in inner peri-infarct (7.4 +/- 0.7 and 9.5 +/- 0.8 nmol min-1 mg-1 of protein, respectively; mean +/- SEM) and outer peri-infarct tissues (8.8 +/- 0.8 and 12.0 +/- 0.8 nmol min-1 mg-1) than in infarct-remote myocardium (12.7 +/- 2.1 and 15.8 +/- 2.2 nmol min-1 mg-1). The apparent affinity constants for Ca2+ (KCa) as well as the Hill coefficients were not different. Homogenate DNA (1.6 +/- 0.1, 1.6 +/- 0.1 and 1.7 +/- 0.1 mg/g of remote, inner peri-infarct and outer peri-infarct myocardium, respectively) and adenine nucleotides contents (ATP: 15 +/- 1.3, 14 +/- 0.8 and 15 +/- 1.0 mumol/g dry weight, respectively) were similar in all tissues. Fibrosis was increased in inner peri-infarct tissue (37 +/- 6%; vs. 13 +/- 2% and 12 +/- 2% in both remote and outer peri-infarct tissues, respectively), but the number of abnormal cells was not significantly different. CONCLUSION: The decrease of Ca2+ uptake in ischemic cardiomyopathy is not homogeneous in the ventricular wall, and reflects a decreased number/activity of SR Ca(2+)-ATPase, without altered Ca(2+)-affinity or increased Ca2+ leakage through ryanodine receptors.