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Title: Functional properties of area 19 as compared to area 17 of the cat
Authors: DUYSENS, J ×
Orban, Guy
VANDERGLAS, HW
de Zegher, Francis #
Issue Date: 1982
Publisher: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Series Title: Brain Research vol:231 issue:2 pages:279-291
Abstract: Out of a total of 139 area 19 cells, 87 were examined quantitatively for their responses to stimuli moving at a wide range of velocities. The results were compared with those obtained on a sample of 106 area 17 cells (out of a total of 172) tested in the same way. It was found that both areas 19 and 17 prefer slow stimulus movement. However, area 17 responded well to velocities up to 4 degrees/s while response amplitudes of area 19 cells started to decrease for stimulus velocities over 0.3 degrees/s. In both areas, responsiveness to fast stimuli improved at higher eccentricities. The most frequently encountered velocity type in area 19 was the 'velocity broad band' (VBB) type, lacking velocity preference, while the rarest type was the 'velocity tuned' (VT) type. As in area 17 very few area 19 cells were found to prefer high velocities (velocity high pass type, VHP) and those that were encountered had peripheral receptive fields (RFs). Cells preferring exclusively low velocities (velocity low pass type, VLP) were less frequent in area 19 than in area 17 and were considerably more sluggish. Area 19 was also less direction and orientation selective than area 17. In contrast, end-stopping was very common in area 19 (66%) and more units were binocular as compared to area 17. On average firing rate during optimal stimulation was lower in area 19 than in area 17. These results are consistent with the notion that area 19 receives predominantly W-type input and is involved in form discrimination (low spatial frequencies) during fixation.
URI: 
ISSN: 0006-8993
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Section Newborn (-)
Research Group Neurophysiology
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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