Title: F4 receptor-independent priming of the systemic immune system of pigs by low oral doses of F4 fimbriae
Authors: Van den Broeck, W ×
Bouchaut, H
Cox, E
Goddeeris, Bruno #
Issue Date: 2002
Series Title: Veterinary immunology and immunopathology vol:85 issue:3-4 pages:171-178
Conference: date:State Univ Ghent, Dept Morphol, Fac Med Vet, Lab Vet Immunol, B-9820 Merelbeke, Belgium; Katholieke Univ Leuven, Lab Physiol & Immunol Domest Anim, Fac Agr & Appl Biol Sci, B-3001 Heverlee, Belgium
Abstract: Oral administration of F4 fimbriae of Escherichia coli induces intestinal mucosal immune responses in F4 receptor-positive (F4R(+)) pigs, but trot in F4R(-) pigs. We examined whether F4 fimbriae in F4R(-) animals behave like a food antigen and can induce oral tolerance. Therefore, F4R(+) and F4R(-) pigs were fed 2 mg of F4 and challenged i.m. to evaluate the effect of oral F4 on the systemic immune system. As control antigen, two different oral doses (2 and 600 mg) of OVA were used. Thirty days after the i.m. OVA challenge, the OVA-specific serum IgG titre in 600 mg-fed pigs was lower than that in non-fed animals, indicating that tolerance was induced. Conversely, in the 2 mg-fed pigs a rapid increase of OVA-specific IgG with higher titres than those in non-fed pigs was seen following challenge, indicating a priming of the systemic immune system. A similar priming was seen in both F4-fed F4R(-) and F4R(+) pigs. Upon challenge, non-fed pigs displayed a primary immune response with a slow increase of F4-specific serum IgG, whereas F4-fed F4R(-) and F4R(+) pigs showed secondary responses with a rapid increase of serum IgG. This was expected in F4R(+) pigs, as in these animals oral F4 induces F4-specific antibody-secreting cells in the spleen, suggesting a priming of the systemic immune system. However, also the F4-fed F4R(-) pigs displayed a secondary response, despite the failure to detect a response upon oral F4 administration. These findings suggest that the F4 antigen, at a dose of 2 mg, behaves like a common food antigen in F4R(-) pigs, namely it induces a systemic priming. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science B.V All rights reserved.
ISSN: 0165-2427
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Division of Gene Technology (-)
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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