Title: Polysulfone-Aerosil composite membranes - Part 1. The influence of the addition of Aerosil on the formation process and membrane morphology
Authors: Aerts, P ×
Van Hoof, E
Leysen, R
Vankelecom, Ivo
Jacobs, Pierre #
Issue Date: 2000
Series Title: Journal of membrane science vol:176 issue:1 pages:63-73
Conference: date:Katholieke Univ Leuven, Ctr Surface Chem & Catalysis, Fac Agr & Appl Biol Sci, B-3001 Leuven, Belgium; Vlaamse Instelling Technol Onderzoek, B-2400 Mol, Belgium
Abstract: Presented organo-mineral membranes are the result of the addition of Aerosil 200 spheres to a solution of polysulfone (PSf) in N-methylpyrrolidone (NMP). They are prepared using the wet phase inversion process by casting the suspension on a glass plate and immersing it in water. For the first time, transparent suspensions are used to investigate the effect of the filler on the membrane formation process. It allows the transport of nonsolvent into the membrane to be followed by light microscopy. The results prove that an increase of the filler concentration slows down the indiffusion rate. Cloud point measurements indicate that the addition of fillers changes the thermodynamic behavior of the polymer/solvent/nonsolvent system in such a way that demixing occurs at a lower concentration of nonsolvent. A special experimental 'slide'-setup is designed and presented here to follow the instantaneous demixing process of the filled polymer solutions as a function of time. These experiments prove that the presence of a small amount of filler increases the demixing rate in the initial stage of membrane formation. A further increase of the amount of filler decreases the demixing rate of the instantaneous demixing process due to viscosity effects, (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 0376-7388
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Centre for Surface Chemistry and Catalysis
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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