Journal of Membrane Science vol:274 issue:1-2 pages:173-182
date:Katholieke Univ Leuven, Ctr Surface Cehm & Catalysis, Fac Bioengn Sci, Dept Interphasechem, B-3001 Heverlee, Belgium; Ghent Univ, Dept Organ Chem, Polymer Chem Res Grp, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium
Insight in the mechanism of solute transport through dense silicone solvent resistant nanofiltration (SRNF) membranes was obtained by filtering a selection of dyes dissolved in alcohols. By measuring the distribution coefficient of the solute between feed and membrane, it was concluded that both charge and solvent play an important role in solute uptake. Both the reformulated solution-diffusion model of Paul and the Kedem-Katchalsky model were used to explain the solute fluxes. In the analysis of the data, a distinction was made between solutes with low and high molar volume. For the former, the convective flux had a more important contribution, especially when high swelling increased the available space between the polymer chains. Also, a higher dependency of charge was noticed in this group of solutes. For solutes with higher molar volume, the contribution of the diffusive flux stayed dominant. Solute mobility was generally strongly influenced by the state of the solvent in the membrane and the solvent viscosity. The state of the solvent inside the membrane matrix was studied by differential scanning calorimetry. (c) 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.