Urologia internationalis vol:56 issue:1 pages:36-40
Renovascular hypertension, caused by fibromuscular dysplasia, mainly affects young women in the third decade of life. Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty is the treatment of choice for solitary lesions with a complete functional result in 40-50% of the cases. Multiple stenoses, involving intrarenal arterioles, cannot be treated by dilatation and are mostly treated by nephrectomy. Nevertheless, those vascular stenoses are often limited to a particular renal segment so that unaffected segments could be spared. Two patients were treated with a partial nephrectomy. The short-term results are promising. We suggest that this treatment modality could be offered as a rational and effective solution to well-selected cases, with multiple, regionally limited arterial stenoses.