Factors influencing local relapse and survival and results of salvage treatment after breast-conserving therapy in operable breast cancer: EORTC trial 10801, breast conservation compared with mastectomy in TNM stage I and II breast cancer
van Dongen, J A × Bartelink, H Fentiman, I S Lerut, Antoon Mignolet, F Olthuis, G van der Schueren, E Sylvester, R Tong, D Winter, J VANZIJL, K #
PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
European journal of cancer vol:28A issue:4-5 pages:801-805
A (modified) radical mastectomy (RM) was compared with breast-conserving therapy (BCT) in stage I and stage II breast cancer patients. Treatment of the study arm comprised lumpectomy, axillary clearance and radiotherapy to the breast (50 Gy in 5 weeks external irradiation and a boost with iridium implant of 25 Gy). 902 patients were included. There were 734 TNM stage II patients. Patients with microscopically incomplete excision of the tumour were not excluded. After a median follow-up of 6 years, overall survival and local recurrence rates do not differ significantly between the two study arms. Actuarial survival at 8 years was 73% after RM and 71% after BCT; actuarial local recurrence at 8 years was 9% and 15%, respectively. In the mastectomy group tumour size did not affect local relapse, but after BCT the incidence of local recurrences was higher for tumours of 2-5 cm (16%) than for smaller tumours (7%) (at 8 years, P = 0.08). Results of salvage treatment for local recurrence so far were similar in both the BCT and the mastectomy group.