Biochimica et Biophysica Acta. General Subjects vol:1760 issue:12 pages:1837-1844
date:Katholieke Univ Leuven VIB, Ctr Mol & Vasc Biol, B-3000 Louvain, Belgium; Univ S Florida, Shriners Hosp, Tampa, FL 33620 USA; Univ S Florida, Dept Pharmacol, Tampa, FL 33620 USA
The expression and potential functional role of aggrecan in adipogenesis and adipose tissue development was investigated in murine models of obesity. Aggrecan, as well as the two aggrecanases ADAMTS-4 and ADAMTS-5 (A Disintegrin And Metalloproteinase with Thrombospondin motif) mRNAs, are expressed in subcutaneous (SC) and gonadal (GON) adipose tissues of mice. Their presence was confirmed by western blotting using adipose tissue extracts. In mice with nutritionally induced obesity (high fat diet) as well as in lean controls, aggrecan mRNA expression was downregulated whereas ADAMTS-4 and ADAMTS-5 were upregulated with time. In mice with genetically determined obesity (ob/ob), ADAMTS-5 mRNA was upregulated in both SC and GON adipose tissues, as compared to wild-type (WT) mice (p < 0.001). Enhanced aggrecanase expression levels in these tissues were associated with significantly elevated levels of G1-NITEGE, a degradation product of aggrecan. Thus, aggrecan levels were high at the early stages of adipose tissue development in mice, whereas its production decreased and its degradation increased during development of obesity. A functional role of aggrecan in promoting early stages of adipogenesis is supported by the findings that it stimulated the in vitro differentiation of 3T3-F442A preadipocytes and the de novo in vivo accumulation of fat in Matrigel plaques injected into WT mice. Proteoglycans in the extracellular matrix of adipose tissue, such as aggrecan, may contribute to the regulation of lipid uptake and obesity in mice. (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.