Deleterious effects of lack of cardiac PAI-1 after coronary occlusion in mice and their pathophysiologic determinants
Zaman, A. K. M. Tarikuz × Fujii, Satoshi Schneider, David J Taatjes, Douglas J Lijnen, Roger Sobel, Burton E #
Histochemistry and Cell Biology vol:128 issue:2 pages:135-145
We sought to delineate mechanisms through which the lack of plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI)-1 in the heart affects remodeling of the heart early after myocardial infarction (MI). MI was induced by coronary occlusion in 10-weeks old PAI-1 knockout (KO) and control mice. Three days after MI, systolic and diastolic function was assessed with high-resolution echocardiography, infarct size was determined biochemically and histologically and accumulation of acute inflammatory cells in zones of infarction was characterized by immunocytochemistry. PAI-1 KO mice exhibited markedly thickened diastolic left ventricular anterior walls (1.38 +/- 0.38 mm vs. 0.77 +/- 0.13 SD), more profound depression of global and regional cardiac function (19 vs. 22% fractional shortening), and greater evidence of diastolic dysfunction (average E wave amplitude = 568 vs. 675 mm/s) all of which were significant. Markedly greater extent of infarction was demonstrated biochemically and histologically in knockout mice compared with controls (76 vs. 29% of the left ventricle, P < 0.05) associated with striking hemorrhage and intense inflammation. Fibrosis normalized for infarct size was markedly reduced (0.006 vs. 0.022 mu g hydroxyproline/mg dry weight). Thus, lack of PAI-1 in the heart exerted deleterious effects mediated, at least in part by increased inflammation and hemorrhage and attenuating of fibrosis.