Biochimica et Biophysica Acta. General Subjects vol:1770 issue:9 pages:1369-1373
We have studied the effect of PTK787 (Vatalanib), an inhibitor of vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR) tyrosine kinases, on adipose tissue development. Oral administration of PTK787 for 4 weeks (2 mg/g high fat diet, HFD) to C57B1/6 mice resulted in a significant reduction in total body weight and of subcutaneous (SC) and gonadal (GON) adipose tissue mass, as compared to control animals fed HFD only (all p < 0.0005). In the GON adipose tissue adipocytes were hypertrophic after PTK787 treatment. Blood vessel size and density were not significantly affected by PTK787 treatment. Expression of Flk-1 (VEGFR-2) mRNA was significantly reduced in SC and GON adipose tissues of PTK787 treated mice. De novo fat pad formation following injection of preadipocytes in NUDE mice was significantly (p < 0.005) impaired by PTK787 administration (2 mg/g HFD for 4 weeks), without associated effect on blood vessel size or density. Thus, in nutritionally induced murine obesity models, oral administration of the VEGFR tyrosine kinases inhibitor PTK787 resulted in reduced adipose tissue development. (C) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.