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Title: Dimensional crossover in a mesoscopic superconducting loop of finite width
Authors: Bruyndoncx, V ×
Van Look, Lieve
Verschuere, Michel
Moshchalkov, Victor #
Issue Date: 1999
Publisher: AMERICAN PHYSICAL SOC
Series Title: Physical review. B, Condensed matter vol:60 issue:14 pages:10468-10476
Conference: date:Katholieke Univ Leuven, Lab Vaste Stoffys Magnetisme, B-3001 Heverlee, Belgium
Abstract: Superconducting structures with a size of the order of the superconducting coherence length xi(T) have a critical temperature T-c, oscillating as a function of the applied perpendicular magnetic field H (or flux Phi). For a thin-wire superconducting loop, the oscillations in T-c are perfectly periodic with H (this is the well-known Little-Parks effect), while for a singly connected superconducting disk the oscillations are pseudoperiodic, i.e., the magnetic period decreases as H grows. In the present paper, we study the intermediate case: a loop made of thick wires. By increasing the size of the opening in the middle, the disklike behavior of T-c(H) with a quasilinear background [characteristic of three-dimensional (3D) behavior] is shown to evolve into a parabolic T-c(H) background (2D), superimposed with perfectly periodic oscillations. The calculations are performed using the linearized Ginzburg-Landau theory, with the proper normal/vacuum boundary conditions at both the internal and external interfaces. Above a certain crossover magnetic flux Phi, T-c(Phi) of the loops becomes quasilinear. and the flux period matches with the case of the filled disk. This dimensional transition is similar to the 2D-3D transition for thin films in a parallel magnetic field, where vortices enter the material as soon as the film thickness t>1.8 xi(T). For the loops studied here, the crossover point appears for w approximate to 1.8 xi(T) as well, with w the width of the wires forming the loop. In the 3D regime, a "giant vortex state" is established, where superconductivity is concentrated near the sample's outer interface. The vortex is then localized inside the loop's opening. [S0163-1829(99)04238-1].
ISSN: 0163-1829
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Solid State Physics and Magnetism Section
Theoretical Physics Section
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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