The Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation vol:25 issue:6 pages:734-7
Listeria monocytogenes is an important bacterial pathogen in immunocompromised patients, the elderly, pregnant women and transplant patients, but until now it has not been reported in lung transplants. We report the first case of listeriosis in a lung transplant recipient who presented with a pleural effusion 8 days after transplantation. After the introduction of a thorax drain and the administration of intravenous antibiotics during 3 weeks, the patient recovered completely. This case highlights the increased risk for uncommon respiratory infections in lung transplant patients and examines the specific management of listeria pleuritis.