Title: The status of bladder-preserving therapeutic strategies in the management of patients with muscle-invasive bladder cancer
Authors: Koiso, K ×
Shipley, W
Keuppens, F
Baert, Luc
Hall, R
Hudson, M A
Khoury, S
Kubota, Y
Kubota, Y
Van Poppel, Hendrik #
Issue Date: Nov-1995
Series Title: International journal of urology : official journal of the Japanese Urological Association vol:2 Suppl 2 pages:49-57
Abstract: The recommended treatment for medically fit patients with muscle-invading bladder cancer is usually radical cystectomy. However, transurethral resection of the tumor, partial cystectomy, irradiation and systemic chemotherapy are each effective in some patients. These latter treatments allow bladder preservation and cure as an alternative to radical cystectomy although when used unselectively the survival rates are inferior to those of radical cystectomy. The updated results of conservative surgery, radiation therapy and systemic chemotherapy as monotherapy, as well as strategies of combined modality treatment were reviewed. Based on this review many areas of consensus were reached which include: 1. The primary goal of any treatment for a patient with muscle-invading bladder cancer is survival; bladder preservation in the interest of quality of life is a secondary objective. 2. Only a small proportion of carefully selected patients may be cured by transurethral surgery alone, or by partial cystectomy alone. 3. Radiation therapy is currently the standard bladder-preserving therapy against which all other bladder-preserving methods must be compared. 4. Systemic chemotherapy as monotherapy is inadequate and cannot be recommended. 5. The addition of cisplatin-containing systemic chemotherapy to radiation therapy or conservative surgery appears to improve local control. While no multi-modality therapeutic regimen has yet been shown to be clearly optimal with regard to local efficacy and minimizing toxicity, monotherapy for bladder preservation is probably not desirable as a routine approach. 6. Deferring the patient from immediate cystectomy does not appear to compromise survival, nor does the addition of primary systemic chemotherapy appear to significantly increase the morbidity of cystectomy or radiotherapy.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
ISSN: 0919-8172
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Urology Section (-)
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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