European journal of anaesthesiology vol:11 issue:5 pages:381-90
The haemodynamic effects of urapidil, an alpha 1-antagonist with central serotoninergic properties, were studied in an experimental canine model of chronic ischaemic heart disease. Global and regional haemodynamic recordings were made in conscious dogs with ameroid-induced single vessel coronary artery occlusion. Three intravenous bolus-infusion doses of urapidil (0.1 mg kg-1 + 0.3 mg min-1; 0.5 mg kg-1 + 1.5 mg min-1; 2.5 mg kg-1 + 7.5 mg min-1) were given on separate occasions in 12 animals. Regional blood flows were measured with radioactively labelled tracer microspheres. The effects of urapidil and dipyridamole, a powerful arteriolar vasodilator, on regional myocardial blood flow distribution to normal and collateral-dependent myocardium were compared. Urapidil caused a dose-dependent reduction of arterial blood pressure. There was moderate tachycardia and decreased left atrial filling pressures at the higher doses. Urapidil was a much weaker coronary vasodilator than dipyridamole. Dipyridamole caused maldistribution of intercoronary and transmural flows (endo-to-epicardial flow ratio in collateral-dependent regions from 1.35 +/- 0.07 to 0.7 +/- 0.13 and flow ratio between collateral-dependent and normal regions from 1.09 +/- 0.03 to 0.57 +/- 0.14). Urapidil preserved blood flow to both regions. Urapidil did not affect systolic wall thickening fraction in normal or ischaemic regions of the heart. Renal (+16%) and splanchnic perfusion (+45%) increased during urapidil infusion. Urapidil preserves myocardial function and perfusion and increases renal and intestinal blood flow in dogs with chronically ischaemic hearts.