Amyloid: journal of protein folding disorders vol:6 issue:3 pages:205-209
date:Inst Anim Sci & Hlth, ID, DLO, NL-8200 AB Lelystad, Netherlands; Univ Utrecht, Dept Vet Pathol, Utrecht, Netherlands; Univ Tennessee, Med Ctr, Dept Med, Knoxville, TN USA
Familial AA amyloidosis is a hereditary trait in Abyssinian cats, with the kidney as the main target organ. The amino acid sequence of the amyloid A protein of the Abyssinian cat has been described earlier. Recently, familial amyloidosis has been found in Siamese cats, with the liver as the main target organ. In the present paper, we describe the complete amino amid sequence of the major constituent protein, of two Siamese cats. Siamese hepatic protein AA showed homology with, but was different from all feline SAA and AA sequences hitherto reported. Two substitutions (46Q-R and 52A-V) from the Abyssinian protein sequence were identified one of which (46Q-R) is a non-homologous substitution not found in mammalian SAA, but is present in two bird AA amyloid proteins. This shows the presence of an unique amyloidogenic SAA isotype in Siamese cats Both the Siamese and the Abyssinian sequence are amyloidogenic, thus making identification of amyloidogenic residues difficult. Apart from the apparent inherent amyloidogenicity of SAA, it can not be excluded that certain amino acid substitutions could enhance its amyloidogenicity but also could contribute to tissue predilection in amyloidosis.