Inhibition of platelet glycoprotein Ib, glycoprotein IIb/IIIa, or both by monoclonal antibodies prevents arterial thrombosis in baboons
Wu, Dongmei × Meiring, Muriel Kotze, Harry F Deckmyn, Hans Cauwenberghs, Nancy #
Lippincott williams & wilkins
Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis and Vascular Biology vol:22 issue:2 pages:323-328
The antithrombotic efficacy of the monoclonal antibodies 6B4-Fab and MA-16N7C2 against platelet glycoprotein (GP) Ib and GP IIb/IIIa. respectively, on acute platelet-mediated thrombosis was evaluated in a baboon model of femoral artery stenosis, which is a modification of the original Folts model: platelet thrombi form on the injured stenosed artery, producing cyclic flow reductions (CFRs). A dose of 0.6 mg/kg 6B4-Fab significantly reduced the CFRs by 59 +/- 15%, whereas 2 mg/kg 6B4-Fab completely abolished the CFRs without prolongation of the bleeding time. MA-16N7C2 inhibited CFRs by 43 +/- 8% at a dose of 0.1 mg/kg and abolished the CFRs at a dose of 0.3 mg/kg but with a significant prolongation of the bleeding time. Finally, the combination of 0.6 mg/kg, 6B4-Fab and 0.1 mg/kg MA-16N7C2 fully prevented the CFRs without prolongation of the bleeding time. The present study demonstrates that the inhibition of platelet GP Ib function by 6B4-Fab is a powerful intervention to prevent platelet thrombus formation in injured arteries without prolongation of the bleeding time; the latter is in contrast to the result after the inhibition of GP IIb/IIIa. Moreover, we demonstrate that combining a GP Ib blocker with a GP IIb/IIIa blocker can achieve a strong antithrombotic effect without increasing the bleeding time. This provides new information that will be beneficial in designing clinical therapeutic approaches.