Fc-receptor dependent platelet aggregation induced by monoclonal antibodies against platelet glycoprotein Ib or von Willebrand factor
Cauwenberghs, N × Schlammadinger, A Vauterin, S Cooper, S Descheemaeker, G Tornai, I Deckmyn, Hans #
Thrombosis and haemostasis vol:85 issue:4 pages:679-85
In this paper we describe two pathways leading to platelet activation by crosslinking glycoprotein (GP) Ibalpha to the platelet Fc-receptor (FcgammaRII). First the monoclonal antibody (MoAb) 9C8, raised against human platelet GPIbalpha, dose-dependently induced platelet aggregation of citrate-anticoagulated platelet-rich plasma, an effect that can be inhibited by several activation inhibitors. The FcgammaRII-inhibitory MoAb IV.3 was able to prevent the aggregatory effects of MoAb 9C8, indicating that crosslinking of the antigen GPIbalpha to the FcgammaII-receptor is necessary for the activating effect. Secondly we observed a synergistic activating effect of two anti-von Willebrand factor (vWF) MoAbs IC1E7 and B724, both known to enhance vWF binding to GPIbalpha in the presence of shear or ristocetin. When these antibodies are added together to PRP, platelet aggregation is induced without further need for an additional modulator. This effect can be blocked by either MoAb IV.3 or an inhibitory anti-GPIb MoAb, indicating that again the platelet activation results from signaling through FcgammaRII crosslinked to vWF bound to GPIbalpha. In addition, both the anti-GPIb MoAb 9C8, or the two anti-vWF MoAbs 1C1E7 and B724 induce genuine platelet activation, as evidenced by the secretion of ATP and protein tyrosine phosphorylation. These findings with both anti-GPIb and anti-vWF MoAbs add further proof to recent reports demonstrating an interaction between the platelet receptors GPIb and FcgammaRII, suggesting a role for the FcgammaII-receptor in GPIb-related signaling.