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Title: Platelet aggregation induced by a monoclonal antibody to the A1 domain of von Willebrand factor
Authors: Depraetere, H ×
Ajzenberg, N
Girma, J P
Lacombe, C
Meyer, D
Deckmyn, Hans
Baruch, D #
Issue Date: 15-Apr-1998
Series Title: Blood vol:91 issue:10 pages:3792-9
Abstract: Shear-induced platelet aggregation (SIPA) involves von Willebrand Factor (vWF) binding to platelet glycoprotein (GP)Ib at high shear stress, followed by the activation of alphaIIb beta3. The purpose of this study was to determine the vWF sequences involved in SIPA by using monoclonal antibodies (MoAbs) to vWF known to interfere with its binding to GPIb and to alphaIIb beta3. Washed platelets were exposed to shear rates between 100 and 4,000 seconds-1 in a rotational viscometer. SIPA was quantitated by flow cytometry as the disappearance of single platelets (DSP) in the sheared sample in the presence of vWF, relative to a control in the absence of shear and vWF. At a shear rate of 4,000 seconds-1, DSP was increased from 5.9% +/- 3.5% in the absence of vWF to 32.7% +/- 6.3% in the presence of vWF. This increase in SIPA was not associated with an elevation of P-selectin expression. vWF-dependent SIPA was completely abolished by MoAb 6D1 to GPIb and partially inhibited by MoAb 10E5 to alphaIIb beta3. Three MoAbs to vWF were compared for their effect on SIPA at 4,000 seconds-1 in the presence of vWF: MoAb 328, known to block vWF binding to GPIb in the presence of ristocetin, MoAb 724 blocking vWF binding to GPIb in the presence of botrocetin, and MoAb 9, an inhibitor of vWF binding to alphaIIbbeta3. Similar to the effect of MoAb 6D1, MoAb 328 completely inhibited the effect of vWF, whereas MoAb 9 had a partial inhibitory effect, as MoAb 10E5 did. In contrast, MoAb 724, as well as its F(ab')2 fragments, promoted shear-dependent platelet aggregation (165% of the DSP value obtained in the absence of MoAb 724), indicating that MoAb 724 was responsible for an enhanced aggregation, which was independent of binding to the platelet Fcgamma receptor. In addition, the enhancement of aggregation induced by MoAb 724 was abrogated by MoAb 6D1 or 10E5 to the level of SIPA obtained in the presence of vWF incubated with a control MoAb to vWF. Finally, the activating effect of MoAb 724 was also found under static conditions at ristocetin concentrations too low to induce platelet aggregation. Our results suggested that on binding to a botrocetin-binding site on vWF, MoAb 724 mimics the effect of botrocetin by inducing an active conformation of vWF that is more sensitive to shear stress or to low ristocetin concentration.
URI: 
ISSN: 0006-4971
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Chemistry, Campus Kulak Kortrijk
Interdisciplinary Research Facility Life Sciences, Campus Kulak Kortrijk
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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