Publié par la Société française de microscopie électronique avec le concours du Centre national de la recherche scientifique et de l'Institute national de santé et de la recherche médicale
Biology of the Cell vol:100 issue:1 pages:39-49
BACKGROUND INFORMATION: The IP(3)R (inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor) is a tetrameric channel that accounts for a large part of the intracellular Ca(2+) release in virtually all cell types. We have previously demonstrated that caspase-3-mediated cleavage of IP(3)R1 during cell death generates a C-terminal fragment of 95 kDa comprising the complete channel domain. Expression of this truncated IP(3)R increases the cellular sensitivity to apoptotic stimuli, and it was postulated to be a constitutively active channel. RESULTS: In the present study, we demonstrate that expression of the caspase-3-cleaved C-terminus of IP(3)R1 increased the rate of thapsigargin-mediated Ca(2+) leak and decreased the rate of Ca(2+) uptake into the ER (endoplasmic reticulum), although it was not sufficient by itself to deplete intracellular Ca(2+) stores. We detected the truncated IP(3)R1 in different cell types after a challenge with apoptotic stimuli, as well as in aged mouse oocytes. Injection of mRNA corresponding to the truncated IP(3)R1 blocked sperm factor-induced Ca(2+) oscillations and induced an apoptotic phenotype. CONCLUSIONS: In the present study, we show that caspase-3-mediated truncation of IP(3)R1 enhanced the Ca(2+) leak from the ER. We suggest a model in which, in normal conditions, the increased Ca(2+) leak is largely compensated by enhanced Ca(2+)-uptake activity, whereas in situations where the cellular metabolism is compromised, as occurring in aging oocytes, the Ca(2+) leak acts as a feed-forward mechanism to divert the cell into apoptosis.