The Journal of urology vol:171 issue:6 Pt 2 pages:2599-602; discussion 2602
PURPOSE: We determine the effect and predictive factors of relapse 1 year after combination therapy of an enuresis alarm, bladder training, motivational therapy and retention control training for nocturnal enuresis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In 68 of 77 children the relapse rate 1 year after full spectrum therapy for nocturnal enuresis was investigated. Gender, age, sleep arousal, family history, monosymptomatic, bladder capacity, overactive bladder, nighttime polyuria, duration of treatment, over learning and psychosocial factors were investigated. RESULTS: The relapse rate during the whole year was 50%, with 33.8% of subjects being dry and 16.2% sometimes wet. The relapse rate after 1 year was 16%. Nine patients could not be reached and, thus, were considered dropouts. Only overactive bladder and psychosocial problems were significantly related to relapse. CONCLUSIONS: The relapse rate during the year was high while the relapse rate after 1 year was low. Psychosocial problems and overactive bladder were the only 2 predictive factors for relapse.