106 patients had a partial gastrectomy for a benign gastric ulcer. 63 of them got a long-term follow-up. The mean follow-up is 127 months. The mortality rate of the emergency operation is 20%. For the elective operation the mortality rate is 0%. More than 90% of the patients have no complaints after a long time. Following a Billroth I operation most patients feel better initially but later there is no difference at all. The frequency of the ulcer recurrence following a B I is higher than following a B II, but it is lower than after another operation (resp. 5.8% and 2.2%). For these reasons we propose a partial gastrectomy for a benign gastric ulcer in elective circumstances. To prevent alkaline biliary reflux gastritis a 2/3 distal gastrectomy with selective vagotomy and Roux-in-Y anastomosis has to become a routine operation. In emergency circumstances a partial gastrectomy is not indicated because of the high mortality rate.