Surgical endoscopy: ultrasound and interventional techniques vol:21 pages:206-208
BACKGROUND: The optimal treatment for patients with nonparasitic splenic cysts is controversial. This study aimed to evalulate the clinical outcome of patients treated for a symptomatic splenic cyst, and to define a surgical strategy. METHODS: Spleen-preserving surgery (9 laparotomies and 6 laparoscopies) was performed for a primary cyst in six patients and a secondary cyst in nine patients. The median follow-up time was 37.5 months. Partial splenic resection was performed for eight patients and cyst decapsulation for seven patients. RESULTS: Cyst recurrence was observed in four patients after decapsulation of a primary splenic cyst, as compared with none after resection. Postoperative complications were encountered only after laparotomy (5/9). The median hospital stay was 3.5 days (range, 2-5 days) after laparoscopy, as compared with 9 days (range, 5-14 days) after laparotomy. CONCLUSIONS: Symptomatic splenic cysts should be treated laparoscopically. For patients with recurrent or suspected primary splenic cysts, laparoscopic partial splenectomy is preferable. For other cases, a laparoscopic decapsulation is advocated.