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Title: Species-dependent and site-specific intestinal metabolism of ester prodrugs
Authors: Van Gelder, Jan ×
Shafiee, M
De Clercq, Erik
Penninckx, Freddy
Van den Mooter, Guy
Kinget, Renaat
Augustijns, Patrick #
Issue Date: Nov-2000
Series Title: International journal of pharmaceutics vol:205 issue:1-2 pages:93-100
Abstract: In order to select a species for drug absorption studies of ester prodrugs and to identify a possible absorption window with low esterase activity and hence increased absorption of the ester prodrug, the esterase activity was investigated in homogenates from various intestinal segments of different species. p-Nitrophenyl acetate and tenofovir disoproxil [bis(POC)-PMPA] were used as substrates for esterases. p-Nitrophenyl acetate is a model substrate for esterase activity, while tenofovir disoproxil (fumarate salt) is an ester prodrug of the potent antiviral nucleoside phosphonate analogue tenofovir. As esterase-mediated degradation during transepithelial transport may be a limiting factor for its oral absorption, targeting the prodrug to a region of the intestine with lower esterase activity may lead to an increase in oral absorption of the prodrug. The results obtained with p-nitrophenyl acetate and tenofovir disoproxil showed both a site-specific (duodenum > or = jejunum > ileum > or = colon) and species-dependent (rat > man > pig) degradation in intestinal homogenates. Degradation of tenofovir disoproxil in homogenates from Caco-2 monolayers (0.016+/-0.003 nmol. s(-1). mg protein(-1)) was low compared to its degradation in homogenates from human ileum (0.177+/-0.052 nmol. s(-1). mg protein(-1)). Rat ileum appears to be a suitable model to evaluate the influence of esterase activity on the oral absorption of the ester prodrug, as the degradation rate for tenofovir disoproxil (0.245+/-0.054 nmol. s(-1). mg protein(-1)) in rat ileum was similar to degradation in human ileum. The results also suggest that colon targeting may be a useful strategy to reduce the esterase-mediated degradation of ester prodrugs, hence resulting in a possible increase in their oral absorption.
ISSN: 0378-5173
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Drug Delivery and Disposition
Laboratory of Virology and Chemotherapy (Rega Institute)
Abdominal Surgical Oncology
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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