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Title: Influence of participation in high-impact sports during adolescence and adulthood on bone mineral density in middle-aged men: a 27-year follow-up study
Authors: Van Langendonck, Helena ×
Lefevre, Johan
Claessens, Albrecht
Thomis, Martine
Philippaerts, Renaat
Delvaux, Katrien
Lysens, Roeland
Renson, Roland
Vanreusel, Bart
Vanden Eynde, Bavo
Dequeker, Jan
Beunen, Gaston #
Issue Date: Sep-2003
Series Title: American Journal of Epidemiology vol:158 issue:6 pages:525-533
Abstract: This study examined whether participation in high-impact sports during adolescence and adulthood contributes to bone health in males aged 40 years. Data were analyzed on 154 Belgian men aged 13 years at study onset in 1969 and aged 40 years at the end of the 27-year follow-up. In a second analysis, subjects were divided into three groups according to their sports participation history: participation during adolescence and adulthood in high-impact sports (HH; n=18), participation during adolescence in high-impact sports and during adulthood in nonimpact sports or no sports (HN; n=15), and participation during adolescence and adulthood in nonimpact sports or no sports (NN; n=14). Body mass and impact loading during adulthood were significant predictors of total body bone mineral density (BMD) and lumbar spine BMD. Analysis of variance revealed significant differences for lumbar spine BMD between the HH (1.12 g/cm2) group and the HN (1.01 g/cm2) and NN (0.99 g/cm2) groups (F=5.07, p=0.01). Total body BMD was also higher in the HH group at age 40 years, but not significantly (F=3.17, p=0.0515). Covariance analyses for total body BMD and lumbar spine BMD, with body mass and time spent participating in sports as covariates, confirmed these results. Continued participation in impact sports is beneficial for the skeletal health of males aged 40 years.
ISSN: 0002-9262
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Policy in Sports & Physical Activity Research Group
Research Centre for the History of Sport and Kinesiology (-)
Research Centre for Sociocultural Kinesiology and Sport Management (-)
Department of Kinesiology - miscellaneous
Faculty of Medicine - miscellaneous
Physical Medicine and Revalidation Section (-)
Exercise Physiology Research Group
Physical Activity, Sports & Health Research Group
Faculty of Kinesiology and Rehabilitation Sciences - miscellaneous
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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