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Title: The relation between resonant frequencies and torsional stiffness of long bones in vitro. Validation of a simple beam model
Authors: Lowet, G ×
Van Audekercke, Remy
Van der Perre, Georges
Geusens, P
Dequeker, Jan
Lammens, Johan #
Issue Date: Jul-1993
Series Title: Journal of Biomechanics vol:26 issue:6 pages:689-96
Abstract: The results of vibration analysis experiments and impact torsion tests performed on excised animal long bones were used to validate a simple beam model for the prediction of torsional stiffness from resonant frequencies. Resonant frequency data on two mutually perpendicular bending vibration modes of 142 excised long bones were evaluated. Torsional stiffness of the same bones had been determined by an impact torsion test. Using a simple beam model, a theoretical relation between resonant frequencies and torsional stiffness was derived. If total bone mass and bone length are known, the formula thus derived allows one to calculate torsional stiffness from resonant frequencies. Linear regression analysis shows a strong correlation between the measured and the calculated torsional stiffness for sheep femora (r2 = 0.63, n = 24), dog femora (r2 = 0.94, n = 34), dog tibiae (r2 = 0.79, n = 18) and monkey radii (r2 = 0.77, n = 66). It was found that this linear relation was valid not within one bone type alone. Linear regression analysis on the combined data of all bones demonstrated that all bones obeyed the same global linear relation between measured and the calculated torsional stiffness (r2 = 0.98, n = 142). This implies that one and the same beam model is valid for the different bone types investigated. The calculation of stiffness from resonant frequencies, however, requires total bone mass, m, and length to be known. In view of in vivo applications, the feasibility of using total bone mineral content (TBMC) as a measure for m was investigated.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
ISSN: 0021-9290
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Biomechanics Section
Faculty of Medicine - miscellaneous
Orthopaedics Section (-)
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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