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Title: Associations between daily physical activity and physical fitness in Flemish males: A cross-sectional analysis
Authors: Philippaerts, Renaat ×
Lefevre, Johan
Delvaux, Katrien
Thomis, Martine
Vanreusel, Bart
Vanden Eynde, Bavo
Claessens, Albrecht
Lysens, Roeland
Beunen, Gaston #
Issue Date: Sep-1999
Publisher: Alan R. Liss
Series Title: American Journal of Human Biology vol:11 issue:5 pages:587-597
Abstract: The relationship of physical activity to several components of physical fitness was investigated in a sample of 166 males 40 years of age. In addition to Pearson correlations, multivariate canonical correlations were calculated. Physical activity during work (work index), sport (sport index), and leisure time (leisure time index) was assessed by the Baecke questionnaire. Physical fitness included cardiorespiratory fitness measures, the body mass index (BMI), the sum of seven skinfold thicknesses (SKI), percentage body fat (PFAT), balance, and several tests of muscle strength and endurance, flexibility, and speed of limb movement. More than 86% of the variance was shared by the two first canonical variables. The first canonical variable can be interpreted as a health-related fitness function. Carciorespiratory fitness, balance, speed of limb movement, explosive strength, and trunk muscle strength are clearly related to this function. From the physical activity measures, the Baecke sport index correlated significantly with this health-related fitness function. The second canonical variable can be explained as a fatness function, since body weight, BMI, SKI, and PFAT showed the highest correlations with the variable. The Baecke work index was inversely related to this canonical variable. The sample was also divided into physical activity groups in order to look for differences in physical fitness. The data indicate that physical activity during work was modestly, but inversely related to adiposity. Sport activity was beneficially associated to several fitness components, including cardiorespiratory fitness, trunk muscle strength, and upper body muscular endurance. Am. J. Hum. Biol. 11:587-597, 1999. Copyright 1999 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
ISSN: 1042-0533
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Policy in Sports & Physical Activity Research Group
Research Centre for Sociocultural Kinesiology and Sport Management (-)
Department of Movement Sciences - miscellaneous
Physical Activity, Sports & Health Research Group
Physical Medicine and Revalidation Section (-)
Exercise Physiology Research Group
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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