Archives of biochemistry and biophysics vol:297 issue:1 pages:132-8
The carbohydrate moieties present on laminin play a crucial role in the multiple biological activities of this basement membrane glycoprotein. We report the identification of a human laminin binding protein with an apparent molecular mass of 14 kDa on sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gels that was found, after purification and amino acid microsequencing, to be identical to the previously described 14-kDa galactoside binding soluble L-14 lectin. We have designated this human laminin binding protein as HLBP14. HLBP14 was purified from human melanoma cells in culture by laminin affinity chromatography and gel electroelution. We demonstrate that HLBP14 binds specifically to the poly-N-acetyllactosamine residues of murine laminin and does not bind to other glycoproteins that do not contain such structures, such as fibronectin. HLBP14 was eluted from a murine laminin column by lactose, N-acetyllactosamine, and galactose but not by other control saccharides, including glucose, fucose, mannose, and melibiose. It did not bind to laminin treated with endo-beta-galactosidase. Lactose also eluted HLBP14 off a human laminin affinity column, implying that human laminin also contains poly-N-acetyllactosamine residues. On immunoblots, polyclonal antibodies raised against HLBP14 recognized HLBP14 as well as 31- and 67-kDa molecules that are also laminin binding proteins, indicating that these proteins share common epitopes. L-14, a dimeric lactose binding lectin, is expressed in a wide variety of tissues. Although the expression of this molecule has been linked to a variety of biological events, the elucidation of its specific functions has been elusive. The observation that HLBP14, a human cancer cell laminin binding protein, is identical to L-14 strongly suggests that the functions attributed to this lectin could be mediated, at least in part, through its ability to interact with the poly-N-acetyllactosamine residues of laminin. HLBP14 could potentially play a role during tumor invasion and metastasis by modulating the interactions between cancer cells and laminin.