Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications vol:333 issue:2 pages:488-495
Mice with a targeted truncation in the gene encoding tissue factor of blood coagulation (TF) to eliminate the cytosolic domain and carrying a neo(R) cassette in intron 5 unexpectedly displayed severe spontaneous thrombosis in various vascular beds. Thrombosis was observed in heterozygous TF(+/neo) mice, causing death of over 50% of adults within 36 weeks of birth, and fulminantly exacerbating in pregnant females. Homozygous TF(neo/neo) mice were more severely affected and died within 7 weeks after birth. These TF(neo) mice primarily synthesized a mutant mRNA aberrantly spliced from exon 5 to neo(R), encoding an apparently non-vesicle-binding soluble TF lacking both the transmembrane and cytosolic domain, but still capable of blood coagulation induction. This severe thrombotic phenotype associated with the presence of a non-anchored soluble TF variant underscores the recently recognized significance of circulating TF for thrombus formation and development.