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Title: Effect of pacing and mexiletine on dispersion of repolarisation and arrhythmias in DeltaKPQ SCN5A (long QT3) mice
Authors: Fabritz, Larissa ×
Kirchhof, Paulus
Franz, Michael R
Nuyens, Dieter
Rossenbacker, Tom
Ottenhof, Alexander
Haverkamp, Wilhelm
Breithardt, Günter
Carmeliet, Edward
Carmeliet, Peter #
Issue Date: Mar-2003
Publisher: Elsevier science bv
Series Title: Cardiovascular Research vol:57 issue:4 pages:1085-1093
Abstract: OBJECTIVE: It has been suggested that both pacing and treatment with mexiletine may reduce torsade de pointes (TdP) arrhythmias in patients with long QT syndrome 3 (LQT3), but it is not fully understood how these interventions could prevent TdP. We therefore studied the effects of pacing and mexiletine in mice with a heterozygous knock-in DeltaKPQ SCN5A(Delta/+) deletion (SCN5A-Tg), a murine LQT3 model. METHODS: Three right and left ventricular monophasic action potentials (MAPs) were simultaneously recorded in Langendorff-perfused hearts of SCN5A-Tg and wild type (WT) littermates. AV block was induced, and pacing was performed at baseline and during mexiletine infusion (4 microg/ml). MAP recordings were analysed for action potential duration (APD), APD dispersion, and early afterdepolarisations (EADs) and related to spontaneous arrhythmias. RESULTS: After inducing AV block, SCN5A-Tg hearts were bradycardic [SCN5A-Tg 532+/-60 vs. WT 284+/-48 ms cycle length (CL, mean+/-S.E.M., P<0.05(*))]. EADs occurred in 16/18, and polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (pVT) in 11/18 SCN5A-Tg but not in 19 WT. SCN5A-Tg had longer APD than WT hearts*. At CL of 200 ms and longer, APD dispersion was higher in SCN5A-Tg [dispersion (APD70): 12+/-3 ms vs. 5+/-2 ms at CL=200 ms*], and increased to 35+/-4 ms* directly prior to pVT episodes. Sudden rate accelerations initially increased APD dispersion due to EADs and APD alternans in SCN5A-Tg, but pacing then reduced APD dispersion. Pacing suppressed (n=9/9) and prevented (n=49/50) pVT. Mexiletine shortened APD at long CL*, and suppressed pVT (n=4/5*), but did not prevent pVT during normal rhythm. CONCLUSIONS: Bradycardia, increased dispersion of APD and EADs provoke ventricular ectopy and pVT in SCN5A-Tg hearts. Ventricular pacing reduces APD dispersion, suppresses EADs and prevents pVT in SCN5A-Tg hearts. These effects provide a pathophysiological rationale for pacing in LQT3.
URI: 
ISSN: 0008-6363
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Physiology Section (-)
Molecular and Vascular Biology
Faculty of Medicine - miscellaneous
Cardiology
Laboratory of Angiogenesis and Vascular Metabolism (Vesalius Research Center) (+)
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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