Journal of affective disorders vol:48 issue:2-3 pages:191-197
Within the framework of Self-Structure Theory, this study investigated the relationship between depressed mood and Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) on self and others descriptions, with a special emphasis on the self-structure's valence, that is, its affective, negative and/or positive content. Seventeen DSM-III-R unipolar depressed patients with associated BPD (DSM-III-R axis II) and twelve unipolar depressed patients without BPD were compared to eighteen non-psychiatric controls on four measures of evaluation and of affective discrepancy of descriptions of self and others. Subjects were administered the grid repertory technique. The analysis of the resulting two-way valence matrix, with attributions as columns, and self and others as rows, showed that depressed patients with and without BPD differed from the non-psychiatric controls with regard to negativity of the descriptions. As compared with the two other groups, depressed patients with BPD showed a distinctive pattern characterised by the joint presence of a negative view of self and a lar er affective discrepancy for others, with others being conjunctively assigned positive and negative attributes. Despite some limitations, the distinctive pattern evidenced corroborates the conflicted interpersonal relationship and is in keeping with clinical theorising on BPD. (C) 1998 Elsevier Science B.V.