Behaviour Research and Therapy vol:45 issue:2 pages:291-300
Clinical fear of spiders was assessed in 39 patients before and after exposure treatment: and at a 3-month follow-up. The assessment included behavioral, physiological and self-report measures . Sonic patients were tested in the treatment context (group Same), while others were tested in a different context (group Different). Both groups demonstrated a significant fear reduction from pre- to post-treatment in all measures. which persisted at the 3-month follow-up. Contrary to our expectations, no clear difference was observed between the groups M any moment. However, a I 1-year follow-up test of the self-report measure revealed a return of fear in group Same, but not ill group Different. These results show (1) that the effects of exposure treatment persisted Over contexts and time in the short term, and (2) that conducting treatment and tests in different contexts enhanced efficiency Of exposure treatment in the long term,. (c) 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All tights reserved.