Title: Alpha(2)-antiplasmin gene deficiency in mice does not affect neointima formation after vascular injury
Authors: Lijnen, Roger ×
Van Hoef, B
Dewerchin, Mieke
Collen, Desire #
Issue Date: Jun-2000
Series Title: Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis and Vascular Biology vol:20 issue:6 pages:1488-92
Abstract: The hypothesis that alpha(2)-antiplasmin (alpha(2)-AP), the main physiological plasmin inhibitor, plays a role in neointima formation was tested with use of a vascular injury model in wild-type (alpha(2)-AP(+/+)) and alpha(2)-AP-deficient (alpha(2)-AP(-/-)) mice. The neointimal and medial areas were similar 1 to 3 weeks after electric injury of the femoral artery in alpha(2)-AP(+/+) and alpha(2)-AP(-/-) mice, resulting in comparable intima/media ratios (eg, 0.43+/-0.12 and 0.42+/-0.11 2 weeks after injury). Nuclear cell counts in cross-sectional areas of the intima of the injured region were also comparable in arteries from alpha(2)-AP(+/+) and alpha(2)-AP(-/-) mice (78+/-19 and 69+/-8). Fibrin deposition was not significantly different in arteries of both genotypes 1 day after injury, and no mural thrombosis was detected 1 week after injury. Fibrinolytic activity in femoral arterial sections, as monitored by fibrin zymography, was higher in alpha(2)-AP(-/-) mice 1 week after injury (P<0.001) but was comparable in both genotypes 2 and 3 weeks after injury. Staining for elastin did not reveal significant degradation of the internal elastica lamina in either genotype. Immunocytochemical analysis revealed a comparable distribution pattern of alpha-actin-positive smooth muscle cells in both genotypes. These findings indicate that the endogenous fibrinolytic system of alpha(2)-AP(+/+) mice is capable of preventing fibrin deposition after vascular injury and suggest that alpha(2)-AP does not play a major role in smooth muscle cell migration and neointima formation in vivo.
ISSN: 1079-5642
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Molecular and Vascular Biology
Laboratory of Angiogenesis and Vascular Metabolism (Vesalius Research Center) (+)
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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