Journal of Biological Chemistry vol:263 issue:12 pages:5594-8
The cDNA encoding a low Mr derivative (residues 144-411) of human single-chain urokinase-type plasminogen activator was cloned, the recombinant low Mr single-chain urokinase-type plasminogen activator (rscu-PA-32k) was expressed in Chinese hamster ovary cells, and the translation product was purified to homogeneity from conditioned cell culture medium. rscu-PA-32k is very similar to intact recombinant single-chain urokinase-type plasminogen activator in terms of its very low activity (120 IU/mg) on a chromogenic substrate for urokinase (pyroglutamylglycylarginine p-nitroanilide), its plasminogen-dependent fibrinolytic activity on fibrin plates (specific activity = 170,000 IU/mg), its plasminogen activating potential, and the lack of specific binding to fibrin. In a rabbit jugular vein thrombosis model, comparable thrombolysis was obtained with rscu-PA-32k as compared to low molecular weight two-chain urokinase (50% lysis at 2.1 and 1.6 mg/kg infused over 4 h). Thrombolysis was associated with much less extensive systemic fibrinogen breakdown with rscu-PA-32k than with two-chain urokinase (residual fibrinogen at 50% lysis of 71 and 10%, respectively). It is concluded that the functional properties of rscu-PA-32k, expressed with a high efficiency, are similar to those of its previously characterized natural counterpart.