The Gal/GalNAc-specific lectin from the plant pathogenic basidiomycete Rhizoctonia solani is a member of the ricin-B family
Candy, L × Peumans, WJ Menu-Bouaouiche, L Astoul, CH Van Damme, Jozef Van Damme, EJM Erard, M Rouge, P #
Academic press inc
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications vol:282 issue:3 pages:655-61
The lectin isolated from the phytopathogenic basidiomycete Rhizoctonia solani (RSA) is a homodimer of two noncovalently associated monomers of 15.5 kDa, RSA is a basic protein (pI > 9) which consists mainly of beta -sheets, A presumed relationship with ricin-B is supported by the sequence similarity between the N-terminus of RSA and the N-terminal subdomain of ricin-B, Hydrophobic cluster analysis confirms that the N-terminus of both proteins has a comparable folding. RSA exhibits specificity towards Gal/GalNAc whereby the hydroxyls at the C3 ', C4 ', and C6 ' positions of the pyranose ring play a key role in the interaction with simple sugars. The carbohydrate-binding site of RSA apparently accommodates only a single sugar unit, Our results demonstrate an obvious evolutionary relationship between some fungal and plant lectins, but also provide evidence for the occurrence of a lectin consisting of subunits corresponding to a single subdomain of ricin-B. (C) 2001 Academic Press.