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Title: Conceptualizing parental autonomy support: Adolescent perceptions of promotion of independence versus promotion of volitional functioning
Authors: Soenens, Bart ×
Vansteenkiste, Maarten
Lens, Willy
Luyckx, Koen
Goossens, Luc
Beyers, Wim
Ryan, Richard M #
Issue Date: May-2007
Publisher: Amer psychological assoc/educational publishing foundation
Series Title: Developmental psychology vol:43 issue:3 pages:633-646
Abstract: In current research on parenting, 2 ways of conceptualizing perceived parental autonomy support can be distinguished. Parental autonomy support can be defined in terms of promotion of independence (PI) or in terms of promotion of volitional functioning (PVF). This study aimed to establish the empirical distinctiveness of both conceptualizations and to examine their relative contribution to the prediction of adolescents' adjustment. The authors conducted 3 studies, 2 which sampled late adolescents (N=396, mean age=18.70 years, 79% female; and N=495, mean age=19.30 years, 74% female, respectively) and 1 which sampled middle adolescents (N=153, mean age=15.12 years, 70% female). Factor analyses pointed to the distinction between perceived PVF and PI. Structural equation modeling (SEM) indicated that whereas perceived PVF uniquely predicted adjustment (ps <.01), perceived PI did not (ps >.05). SEM also demonstrated that adolescents' self-determined functioning significantly mediates the relationship between perceived parental PVF and adjustment (ps <.001). Results are discussed in terms of the type of autonomy that parents might want to facilitate among their adolescents to foster well-being.
URI: 
ISSN: 0012-1649
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Centre for Developmental Psychology (-)
Centre for Motivation Psychology (-)
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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