British Educational Research Journal vol:33 issue:3 pages:419-440
A considerable body of previous research has demonstrated that differences between schools and classes have an impact on students' learning and acquisition of skills. It is not yet clear, however, whether the effects persist in the longer term. The present study examines the effect of primary schools and classes on language and mathematics achievement over a period of two years after leaving primary education. Considerable short-term effects of the primary school and class on achievement levels at the end of primary education were found. Multilevel models with a cross-classified structure were constructed to estimate the long-term effects. Differences between secondary schools and classes turned out to be much more important for achievement in secondary education than the long-term effects of primary schools and classes, which were small and died out fast.