Nucleic acids research vol:34 issue:10 pages:2878-86
Modified nucleosides play an important role in structure and function of tRNA. We have determined the solution structure of the anticodon stem-loop (ASL) of initiator tRNA of Schizosaccharomyces pombe. The incorporation of N6-threonylcarbamoyladenosine at the position 3' to the anticodon triplet (t6A37) results in the formation of a U-turn motif and enhances stacking interactions within the loop and stem regions (i.e. between A35 and t6A37) by bulging out U36. This conformation was not observed in a crystal structure of tRNAi including the same modification in its anticodon loop, nor in the solution structure of the unmodified ASL. A t6A modification also occurs in the well studied anti-stem-loop of lys-tRNA(UUU). A comparison of this stem-loop with our structure demonstrates different effects of the modification depending on the loop sequence.