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Title: L-arginine administration reduces neointima formation after stent injury in rats by a nitric oxide-mediated mechanism
Authors: Vermeersch, Pieter
Nong, Z
Stabile, E
Varenne, O
Gillijns, H
Pellens, Marijke
Van Pelt, N
Hoylaerts, Marc
De Scheerder, Ivan
Collen, Desire
Janssens, Stefan # ×
Issue Date: Oct-2001
Series Title: Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis and Vascular Biology vol:21 issue:10 pages:1604-9
Abstract: The clinical outcome of vascular stenting is limited by in-stent stenosis. Increased nitric oxide (NO)/cGMP signaling by L-arginine (L-Arg) supplementation, the substrate for NO synthase (NOS), or NOS gene transfer may reduce in-stent neointima formation. After stenting, vascular cell proliferation in rat carotid arteries, as measured by 5'-bromodeoxyuridine (5'-BrdU) incorporation, indicated 15+/-8%, 28+/-5%, and 33+/-7% 5'-BrdU-positive vascular cells at 4, 7, and 14 days, respectively. Reporter beta-galactosidase gene transfer efficacy was evidenced by 30% beta-galactosidase-expressing medial smooth muscle cells at 14 days. The intima-to-media ratio (I/M) progressively increased to 2.32+/-0.24 at 14 days. To target in-stent neointima formation, animals were infected with adenoviral vectors (4x10(10) plaque-forming units per mL) expressing NOS2 (AdNOS2) or no transgene (AdRR5), or they received daily doses of L-Arg (500 mg. kg(-1). (d-1) IP). The neointima at 14 days was smaller in L-Arg-treated than in untreated rats (I/M 1.25+/-0.35 vs 2.32+/-0.24, P<0.05, n=7 each) or in AdRR5- and AdNOS2-infected rats (I/M 2.57+/-0.43, n=7 and 1.82+/-0.75, n=8, respectively; P<0.05 for both). The effect of L-Arg was abolished by simultaneous administration of N(G)-nitro L-arginine methyl ester, an NOS inhibitor (2.03+/-0.39, P<0.05, vs L-Arg). Inflammation was markedly less in L-Arg- and AdNOS2-treated than in AdRR5-infected rats. Supplemental L-Arg reduces neointima formation after stenting by way of an NOS-dependent mechanism and may be a valuable strategy to target in-stent stenosis.
ISSN: 1079-5642
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Cardiology
Molecular and Vascular Biology
Clinical Residents Medicine
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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